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Piracicaba is a Brazilian municipality in São Paulo State. Belongs to the Region and the Northeast region of Piracicaba, located Northwest of the State capital, is this about of 164 km. occupies an area of 1376.913 km ², of which 31.5733 km ² are in urban area and the remaining 1345.339 km ² constitute the countryside. In 2015, its population was estimated by the IBGE in 391 449 inhabitants, being the 17th most populous state of Sao Paulo.
Piracicaba was founded in 1767 by the banks of the river Piracicaba river, which was vital for the region. During the 19TH century, agriculture developed in the city, with emphasis on the cultivation of sugar cane and coffee. However, in the first half of the 20th century, the city fell into disrepair.
With the end of the cofee cycle and the constant fall of sugar prices, the economy stagnated piracicabana. This was reversed from the beginning of their industrialization.
The city became one of the first to industrialize the country, with the opening of manufacturing plants linked to the metal-mechanic industry and equipment for the production of sugar. This activity has expanded from the late 1970 to the sugar-ethanol sector, with the creation of the Pro alcohol program, aimed at the production of hydrated alcohol for automotive use, world oil crisis in 1973.
This has contributed significantly to the industrial growth of Piracicaba over the next several decades, coming to be the 52nd largest Brazilian GDP in 2012, being the headquarters of one of the main industrial centres of the region, with several universities, such as the College of Agriculture Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ), belonging to the University of São Paulo (USP), College of Odontology de Piracicaba in the State University of Campinas (Unicamp), and the Methodist University of Piracicaba (UNIMEP).